Who Did The Spanish Conquer In South America: Unraveling The Conquest
How The Spanish Explored \U0026 Colonized The Americas? 5 Minutes…
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Did Spain Conquer Most Of South America?
Starting in 1492 with Christopher Columbus’s arrival in the Americas, the Spanish Empire embarked on a conquest that spanned more than three centuries. During this period, Spain expanded its dominion over various regions, including the Caribbean Islands, approximately half of South America, most of Central America, and significant parts of North America. This extensive territorial expansion played a pivotal role in shaping the history and cultural landscape of the Americas.
Who Did The Spanish Conquer In Central America?
In Central America, during the early 16th century, several Spanish conquistadors undertook significant campaigns to establish Spanish dominance. Hernando Cortés is renowned for his conquest of the Aztec Empire located in present-day Mexico, where he successfully defeated the Aztecs under the rule of Emperor Montezuma in the year 1521. Meanwhile, Pedro de Alvarado achieved a similar feat in Central America by subduing what remained of the Mayan civilization, primarily in Guatemala, thereby paving the way for Spanish colonization in that region. Furthermore, further to the south, Francisco Pizarro led an expedition into South America, ultimately conquering the Inca Empire, situated in modern-day Peru. These conquests, each with its unique challenges and outcomes, marked significant turning points in the history of Spanish exploration and colonization in Central and South America. (Note: The date mentioned in the original passage, “4th Oct 2021,” appears to be incorrect and has been omitted in this revised version, as it does not pertain to the historical events discussed.)
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Indigenous peoples and colonial rule. The conquest of the Aztec and Inca empires ended their sovereignty over their respective territorial expanses, replaced by the Spanish Empire, and indigenous religious beliefs and practices were suppressed and populations converted to Christianity.Beginning with the 1492 arrival of Christopher Columbus and continuing for over three centuries, the Spanish Empire would expand across the Caribbean Islands, half of South America, most of Central America and much of North America.Hernando Cortés conquered the Aztecs of Mexico and their emperor Montezuma in 1521. Pedro de Alvarado triumphed over the remnants of the Mayan civilization in Guatemala and opened up the area to Spanish colonization. Francisco Pizarro marched into South America and defeated the Incas of Peru.
Learn more about the topic Who did the Spanish conquer in South America.
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